Monday, May 25, 2020

Do We Need Religion Today Essays

To understand the concept of religion, its effects, and the role it plays in the modern society, we first of all need to get the pure non-diluted meaning of religion; not the current corrupted versions which link religion to some crazy individuals or groups of people. Religious consciousness is experienced when â€Å"God moves towards man and of man towards God† (Odhiambo 2008). Consequently, for man to find the fulfillment of all highest aspiration he must entrust the Lord who made a personal covenant with him as man is aware he has received his existence and its physical benefits as a gift, and so he offers back to God a tribute, a sacramental expression of gratitude so as to proclaim the reward of the greatest good that is contained in this as, as God is and does, so human beings must be and do (The Holy Bible). But the truth is that the secret of the Most High God who created all things cannot be attained by our own ability and perceptions. Otherwise there would be no difference between God and man. Religion is neither discovered nor produced by man, it is a divinely induced occurrence that presupposes the supremacy of a spiritual reality. From my religious point of view, I disagree with Durkheim on the notion that God and religion was a creation of man. The moral aspect described by Durkheim is true beyond any doubt. It is true that we need God so that we can keep on a positive moral track. In reality, religion is one although its varieties cannot be denied; the varieties are more of those of expression than basic belief. By definition, Religion is a sacred engagement with what is believed to be a spiritual reality. It is a set of beliefs that explains about life and the universe in terms of the cause, nature and purpose. Religion is a public figure and should never be used in cases of private beliefs (Saler 1990). We can therefore evaluate the importance of religion in human life without concentrating on what religion ought to be or otherwise. Religion has no clear cuts, neither is it an object with fixed meanings. Religion is manifested in various aspect of life; it is not, and will not be, any single aspect of human experience. It includes pattern of behavior, language and thought. It is a perfectly structured institution and its practice may involve dance and performances, meditative techniques, detailed rules of ethical conduct and law, among others. The forms of religious expressions are as many as human cultural environments. Every society has a religion, ands its role cannot be under-looked. In many instances, religion is used as the control experiment on human behavior. Through religion, there have been harmony and social stability in societies. For those who observe a given religion, the religion provides a system of behavior which governs the society, thereby creating peace and harmony. In the uplifting of the human culture, various religions have their practices in written form. This offers a definite direction for the observer of such religion. The Bible is for Christians, Vedas for the Hindus, Talmud for the Jews, Koran for the Muslims, Confucius for the Chinese, and so on. All these books provide a definite code of behavior which makes peace and harmony a reality. For the disillusioned, religion provides the greatest comfort. The degree of frustrations nowadays calls for a refuge which quite a number find in the religion. Be that as it may, religion nowadays has taken a different meaning. It has been a more personalized matter in the western culture that its importance tends to becoming irrelevant. Weber’s consideration on the development of capitalism and the effect of rise of Protestantism may or may not be true depending on the point of view. By considering the rise of fundamentalist Christianity and the emergence of political conservatism, and the rise of fundamentalist strain of Islam and the rise of terrorism (Richard 2007), we get convinced on the opposing roles of religion. Weber also talked about the progress of rationality, which seems to be contradictory to religion. As stated by Durkheim, religion is undergoing replacement with â€Å"civil religion† To some groups of individuals, religious faith has been the foundation and the umbrella of their terrible acts. Marx stipulated that the world would be better off without religion (Marx 1844), which is true to an extent. Today, there are different extremists related to specific religions: the Taliban in Afghanistan and the Muslim religion; the Sikhism in India and Hindu religion; and the Christian fundamentalist Tea Party movement in the United States and Christianity. All these groups propagate terrorism and violence, and at the same time create a society full of social injustice. CONCLUSION From the above discussion, it is evident that religion can result into two conflicting states. It can promote peace and harmony within societies and at the same time promote social injustice and conflicts. The need for religion depends on the perception of the individual. An individual may need religion to act as a tool for his unethical acts. Similarly, one may need religion to impart morality in the society. On whichever choice we make, let us have sense of religion. REFERENCE Marx, Karl. (1844). Introduction to A Contribution to the Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of   Right. Deutsch-Franzà ¶sische Jahrbà ¼cher, Odhiambo, J.T. (2008). Religion as it should be. Nairobi: SasaSema Publishers. Richard, Dawkin. (2007). The God Delusion. Houghton Mifflin Publishers Saler, Benson. (1990). Conceptualizing Religion: Immanent Anthropologists, Transcendent Natives, and Unbounded Categories. The Holy Bible, King James Version; New American Library (1974).

Friday, May 15, 2020

Lord Henry Is the Root of Dorian Grays Corruption - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 976 Downloads: 10 Date added: 2019/05/15 Category Literature Essay Level High school Topics: The Picture of Dorian Gray Essay Did you like this example? In the novel The Picture of Dorian Gray, written by Oscar Wilde, the main character Dorian Gray is corrupted by his acquaintance Lord Henry, who ultimately leads to Dorians demise. Throughout the story Lord Henry fills Dorians head with all types of immoral thoughts and lies. Lord Henrys flawed philosophical theories alter his mind and eventually lead Dorian down the wrong path. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Lord Henry Is the Root of Dorian Grays Corruption" essay for you Create order As a result of this, Dorian ends up murdering his dear friend Basil Hallward, after he confronts Dorian. Later on, Dorian then commits suicide. Dorians suicide was indeed influenced by no one other than Lord Henry, for he is to blame for poisoning Dorians pure mind. When Lord Henry and Dorian Gray first meet it is almost premeditated that their friendship would lead to Dorians demise. Just before Basil Hallward introduces Lord Henry to Dorian, Basil expresses to him that Dorian Gray is my dearest friend, he said He has a simple and a beautiful nature Dont spoil him (Wilde 15). Basil knew Lord Henry would indeed be toxic to Dorians nature, which is why he proceeded to keep the two apart. Basil explicitly states, Dont try to influence him. Your influence would be bad because of prior knowledge of what Lord Henry is capable of doing to Dorians mind (Wilde 15). Lord Henrys philosophy is obviously flawed if Basil questions Dorian even being able to meet him. Additionally, when Basil finally introduces the two, Basil is described as, looking worried, and when he heard Lord Henrys last remark, he glanced at him, hesitated for a moment, and then said, Harry, I want to finish this picture to-day.Would you think it awfully rude of me if I asked you to go away? (Wilde 17). It is evident that Basil is trying to protect Dorian from Lord Henrys corruption for the simple fact that he is deliberately going out of his way to isolated from each other. Lord Henry patently has the power to alter Dorians mind into something evil since basil is extremely concerned from the beginning. Additionally, Lord Henry knows the potential his influence holds. He says himself, There is no such thing as a good influence, Mr. Gray. All influence is immoral (Wilde 18). Lord Henry admits that all influence is corrupt in this line. He furthers his philosophy stating to influence a person is to give ones own soul. He does not think his natural thoughts, or burn with his natural passions which proves that he is very much aware of what he is doing (Wilde 18). Lord Henry continues on to mention that the person who is receiving influence is no longer themselves. According to Lord Henry they transform into an echo of someone elses music, an actor of a part that has not been written for him (Wilde 18). By Lord Henry expressing these thoughts it is conspicuous that he would have to believe these statements true of himself. A major component in Lord Henrys philosophy that is has the greatest impact on Dorian is the belief that beauty is what is important. Dorian is a very handsome young man, who was an orphan, meaning he didnt receive much guidance during his childhood. This makes him more vulnerable to being persuaded by Lord Henrys flawed philosophy. Whatever Lord Henry feeds to Dorian, he believes. For instance, Dorian and Lord Henry are in Basils garden and Lord Henry suggests, Some day, when you are old and wrinkled and ugly, when thought has seared your forehead with its lines, and passion branded your lips with its hideous fires, you will feel it terribly. Now, wherever you go, you charm the world.. (Wilde 22). He basically says that Dorians life will be worthless once his youth is gone. His live will become stagnant and wont have any meaning that once Dorian is old and no longer beautiful. By Lord Henry planting this in Dorians head, it shapes the way he lives for the rest of his life. When Dorian comes to the realization that he will not be young, beautiful, and charming forever, it is hard for him to swallow. The thought of not having his good looks to rely on causes him uneasiness. As he ponders growing old, a sharp pang of pain struck through him like a knife and made each delicate fibre of his nature quiver which exemplifies him not being able to handle the fact that his beauty will run out (Wilde 25).. By Lord Henry convincing him that his beauty is all he has to offer in the world, his life then begins to spiral out if control. In addition, Dorian gains feelings for an actress named Sibyl Vane and when he invites Lord Henry to her show, Lord Henry says to Dorian that she isnt that good of an actress. Dorian becomes upset and treats Sibyl poorly and she eventually commits suicide. Once again Dorian is manipulated by Lord Henry. Furthermore, around the town it is rumored that Dorian is corrupting younger boys and one of them even commits suicide as well. As Do rian continues down his path of destruction, he ends up murdering the only person who generally cared for him, which was Basil. Basil had his best intentions for Dorian unlike Lord Henry. Lord Henry ruined Dorian and altered his mind into doing evil things. Conclusively, Lord Henry is at fault for Dorian being immoral. He originally exposed Dorian to his sin filled philosophy. He knew Dorian seeked leadership and he took advantage of that. Instead of giving him positive reinforcement and good advice such like Basil. Which is why he is responsible for Dorians negative acts. Had the two ever met, Dorian would have never murdered Basil. At the end of the day, the blame should not be placed on anyone other than Lord Henry. References: Wilde, Oscar. The Picture of Dorian Gray, by Oscar Wilde. Ye Olde Paris Booke-Shoppe, 1913.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Ethics and Archer Daniels Midland - 646 Words

4. Consider the bill that Representative Engle and Senator Harkin attempted to enact into a law, but which never became a law because of the lobbying efforts of the chocolate companies. What does this incident show about the view that â€Å"to be ethical it is enough for business people to follow the law â€Å"? Human trafficking and child abuse are major problems along the west coast of Africa. Cocoa plantations are so notorious for the use of forced child labor (and forced adult labor) that U.S. Representative Eliot Engel and Senator Tom Harkin created a protocol to end child slavery and initiate labeling for products that are produced â€Å"slave free.† A joint committee was formed and called the International Cocoa Initiative, with the aim to have a†¦show more content†¦What do we mean? Look at the words independent of the definition, and consider how each person creates his or her own ethical boundaries. Besides, moral principles were clearly differing from person to person; wars are predicated on these notions. For the philosophy it is a belief system or theory. Right and wrong about anyone with an opinion can attest to the disparities between two or more people in this arena. In term of motives, one person might differ from circumstance to circumstance. The Consequences are often based on a fear of negative ramifications established through ones religious or philosophical beliefs and/or the norms, mores and rules of one’s community. So, from where we stand, it’s a very persona definition about the knowledge of which helps define the choices we make, the goals we achieve and the path our lives take. The shapes of our view of ethics are from everything. Our experiences (or lack of), peers, religious beliefs, edicts from a power we deem higher than ourselves. For example, international law or a Supreme Consciousness which people to whom we are exposed, for better or worse, and our decision to seek out models of ethical behaviour are all examples of how we shape our ethical portfolios. In conclusion, Ethics is a specialized study of moral right and wrong. It concentrates on moral standards asShow MoreRelatedInternal Auditing : Corporate Fraud, Greed For Power, Money, And Influence1165 Words   |  5 PagesThe purpose of this research is to provide a summary outline on internal auditing by uncovering motives behind corporate fraud, executives greed for power, money and influence. These issues will include a transitory story of the Archer Daniels Midland Company (ADM) scandal which results in fraudulent corporate practices using the fixed pricing scheme. If internal auditing practices were implemented at ADM may have saved investors and customers millions of dollars. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Betty Boop Essay Example For Students

Betty Boop Essay The best case study in animation to illustrate the powerful influence society has over the types of films that are produced is the story of Betty Boop. She was a major cartoon character before the Production Code of 1934 was put into place, and her dramatic and fatal transformation illustrates how a product created under one set of standards often withers when placed in a new set. At the same time, the Code alone cannot explain why this dizzy little flapper degenerated so quickly. Betty Boop exists today solely as a merchandising item. Bettys face and figure can be found on T-shirts, posters, and all sorts of things. Her current popularity in merchandise is somewhat puzzling, as the Fleischers released all of her short cartoons before 1940, save for a halfhearted TV special in the early 1980s and a brief cameo in Who Framed Roger Rabbit. While colorized versions of her cartoons exist, they were never given the same degree of exposure as the colorized versions of Max Fleischers Popeye cartoons. Seen today, it is easy to see why these cartoons were often revived in the trippy 1960s. While not psychedelic by any means, they are off beat with other animation. Seeing them for the first time, one can hardly believe ones eyes. These are cartoons that are definitely not from the Disney mode nor are they strictly of the Looney Tunes variety. They are odd. And Betty was their princess. Betty Boops cartoons were all directed by Max Fleischers brother Dave, and Dave Fleischer created a world of dark surrealism. The fluid natures of these cartoons make them difficult to describe in a coherent fashion. Dave Fleischer almost certainly did not use story boards or even a script in some of these films and Boops adventures were free form as a result. Ad-libbing by the voice actors including Mae Questel, who provided Bettys voice in many films was the norm, resulting in a very spontaneous-sounding soundtrack. The animation was at times amazingly precise, and at other times very crude. Bettys unique design was the work of Grim Natwick, one of the few animators at Fleischer who had an art school education yet many other Fleischer cartoons are obviously denizens of the Terrytoons/Felix the Cat/Early Mickey Mouse school. These cartoons have stories that amble about in an almost dreamlike way; Snow White possesses a hallucinogenic series of vignettes each even less connected to the original fairytale. The transformation of Koko the Clown into the Ghost of Cab Calloway seems to predict the animation of the Genie in Aladdin decades later. Todays animation fans would appreciate introducing themselves with the work of Fleischers studio. Betty Boop possessed long shapely legs and large round eyes, qualities that may indicate her to be the spiritual grandmother of ladies such as Lum, who populate the anime films of the 1980s and 1990s. Perhaps a more important similarity is the targeting of adults as Bettys audience. The Betty Boop cartoons may have entertained children, but the bulk of the humor was geared to adults and probably aimed squarely at adult males. As revealed in the documentary Boop-Oop-A-Doop, Bettys animators not only found excuses to back light her or disrobe her but also added subliminal details. Outright nudity never occurred in the Fleischer world, but implied nudity did. Yet simultaneously, the cartoon characters who lustily pursued Betty were invariably depicted as freakish malformed, goggly-eyed dirty old men. Thus, Fleischers world not only satisfied the audiences desire for voyeurism, but it also chastised those who engaged in it as perverts. Raising charges of sexism against the Fleischer studio is thus difficult. For the most part Boop was a tease, although Hollywoods habit of erratic self-censorship should not suggest that all innuendos were purely teases. As Smooden pointed out in Animating Culture, the finale of Betty Boop and the Little King leaves the audience with the distinct impression that Boop has become the Little Kings mistress. .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182 , .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182 .postImageUrl , .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182 , .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182:hover , .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182:visited , .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182:active { border:0!important; } .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182:active , .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182 .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: The film 'Bram Stoker's Dracula' EssayBettys hula dance in Popeye the Sailor suggests an exotic dancer of a different stripe, as the Boop is clearly topless. It should be stressed, however, that physical attraction was not the selling point of every Boop cartoon. There were plenty of silly entries in which sewing machines sewed up rivers, or the moon put the earth up for auction, or other similarly goofy events occurred. Despite the instances recorded in the previous paragraph, one should not leave with the impression that the Boop cartoons were animated peepshows. Rather, one should realize that in Boops world, these things were a dark reflection of our society.