Monday, May 25, 2020

Do We Need Religion Today Essays

To understand the concept of religion, its effects, and the role it plays in the modern society, we first of all need to get the pure non-diluted meaning of religion; not the current corrupted versions which link religion to some crazy individuals or groups of people. Religious consciousness is experienced when â€Å"God moves towards man and of man towards God† (Odhiambo 2008). Consequently, for man to find the fulfillment of all highest aspiration he must entrust the Lord who made a personal covenant with him as man is aware he has received his existence and its physical benefits as a gift, and so he offers back to God a tribute, a sacramental expression of gratitude so as to proclaim the reward of the greatest good that is contained in this as, as God is and does, so human beings must be and do (The Holy Bible). But the truth is that the secret of the Most High God who created all things cannot be attained by our own ability and perceptions. Otherwise there would be no difference between God and man. Religion is neither discovered nor produced by man, it is a divinely induced occurrence that presupposes the supremacy of a spiritual reality. From my religious point of view, I disagree with Durkheim on the notion that God and religion was a creation of man. The moral aspect described by Durkheim is true beyond any doubt. It is true that we need God so that we can keep on a positive moral track. In reality, religion is one although its varieties cannot be denied; the varieties are more of those of expression than basic belief. By definition, Religion is a sacred engagement with what is believed to be a spiritual reality. It is a set of beliefs that explains about life and the universe in terms of the cause, nature and purpose. Religion is a public figure and should never be used in cases of private beliefs (Saler 1990). We can therefore evaluate the importance of religion in human life without concentrating on what religion ought to be or otherwise. Religion has no clear cuts, neither is it an object with fixed meanings. Religion is manifested in various aspect of life; it is not, and will not be, any single aspect of human experience. It includes pattern of behavior, language and thought. It is a perfectly structured institution and its practice may involve dance and performances, meditative techniques, detailed rules of ethical conduct and law, among others. The forms of religious expressions are as many as human cultural environments. Every society has a religion, ands its role cannot be under-looked. In many instances, religion is used as the control experiment on human behavior. Through religion, there have been harmony and social stability in societies. For those who observe a given religion, the religion provides a system of behavior which governs the society, thereby creating peace and harmony. In the uplifting of the human culture, various religions have their practices in written form. This offers a definite direction for the observer of such religion. The Bible is for Christians, Vedas for the Hindus, Talmud for the Jews, Koran for the Muslims, Confucius for the Chinese, and so on. All these books provide a definite code of behavior which makes peace and harmony a reality. For the disillusioned, religion provides the greatest comfort. The degree of frustrations nowadays calls for a refuge which quite a number find in the religion. Be that as it may, religion nowadays has taken a different meaning. It has been a more personalized matter in the western culture that its importance tends to becoming irrelevant. Weber’s consideration on the development of capitalism and the effect of rise of Protestantism may or may not be true depending on the point of view. By considering the rise of fundamentalist Christianity and the emergence of political conservatism, and the rise of fundamentalist strain of Islam and the rise of terrorism (Richard 2007), we get convinced on the opposing roles of religion. Weber also talked about the progress of rationality, which seems to be contradictory to religion. As stated by Durkheim, religion is undergoing replacement with â€Å"civil religion† To some groups of individuals, religious faith has been the foundation and the umbrella of their terrible acts. Marx stipulated that the world would be better off without religion (Marx 1844), which is true to an extent. Today, there are different extremists related to specific religions: the Taliban in Afghanistan and the Muslim religion; the Sikhism in India and Hindu religion; and the Christian fundamentalist Tea Party movement in the United States and Christianity. All these groups propagate terrorism and violence, and at the same time create a society full of social injustice. CONCLUSION From the above discussion, it is evident that religion can result into two conflicting states. It can promote peace and harmony within societies and at the same time promote social injustice and conflicts. The need for religion depends on the perception of the individual. An individual may need religion to act as a tool for his unethical acts. Similarly, one may need religion to impart morality in the society. On whichever choice we make, let us have sense of religion. REFERENCE Marx, Karl. (1844). Introduction to A Contribution to the Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of   Right. Deutsch-Franzà ¶sische Jahrbà ¼cher, Odhiambo, J.T. (2008). Religion as it should be. Nairobi: SasaSema Publishers. Richard, Dawkin. (2007). The God Delusion. Houghton Mifflin Publishers Saler, Benson. (1990). Conceptualizing Religion: Immanent Anthropologists, Transcendent Natives, and Unbounded Categories. The Holy Bible, King James Version; New American Library (1974).

Friday, May 15, 2020

Lord Henry Is the Root of Dorian Grays Corruption - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 976 Downloads: 10 Date added: 2019/05/15 Category Literature Essay Level High school Topics: The Picture of Dorian Gray Essay Did you like this example? In the novel The Picture of Dorian Gray, written by Oscar Wilde, the main character Dorian Gray is corrupted by his acquaintance Lord Henry, who ultimately leads to Dorians demise. Throughout the story Lord Henry fills Dorians head with all types of immoral thoughts and lies. Lord Henrys flawed philosophical theories alter his mind and eventually lead Dorian down the wrong path. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Lord Henry Is the Root of Dorian Grays Corruption" essay for you Create order As a result of this, Dorian ends up murdering his dear friend Basil Hallward, after he confronts Dorian. Later on, Dorian then commits suicide. Dorians suicide was indeed influenced by no one other than Lord Henry, for he is to blame for poisoning Dorians pure mind. When Lord Henry and Dorian Gray first meet it is almost premeditated that their friendship would lead to Dorians demise. Just before Basil Hallward introduces Lord Henry to Dorian, Basil expresses to him that Dorian Gray is my dearest friend, he said He has a simple and a beautiful nature Dont spoil him (Wilde 15). Basil knew Lord Henry would indeed be toxic to Dorians nature, which is why he proceeded to keep the two apart. Basil explicitly states, Dont try to influence him. Your influence would be bad because of prior knowledge of what Lord Henry is capable of doing to Dorians mind (Wilde 15). Lord Henrys philosophy is obviously flawed if Basil questions Dorian even being able to meet him. Additionally, when Basil finally introduces the two, Basil is described as, looking worried, and when he heard Lord Henrys last remark, he glanced at him, hesitated for a moment, and then said, Harry, I want to finish this picture to-day.Would you think it awfully rude of me if I asked you to go away? (Wilde 17). It is evident that Basil is trying to protect Dorian from Lord Henrys corruption for the simple fact that he is deliberately going out of his way to isolated from each other. Lord Henry patently has the power to alter Dorians mind into something evil since basil is extremely concerned from the beginning. Additionally, Lord Henry knows the potential his influence holds. He says himself, There is no such thing as a good influence, Mr. Gray. All influence is immoral (Wilde 18). Lord Henry admits that all influence is corrupt in this line. He furthers his philosophy stating to influence a person is to give ones own soul. He does not think his natural thoughts, or burn with his natural passions which proves that he is very much aware of what he is doing (Wilde 18). Lord Henry continues on to mention that the person who is receiving influence is no longer themselves. According to Lord Henry they transform into an echo of someone elses music, an actor of a part that has not been written for him (Wilde 18). By Lord Henry expressing these thoughts it is conspicuous that he would have to believe these statements true of himself. A major component in Lord Henrys philosophy that is has the greatest impact on Dorian is the belief that beauty is what is important. Dorian is a very handsome young man, who was an orphan, meaning he didnt receive much guidance during his childhood. This makes him more vulnerable to being persuaded by Lord Henrys flawed philosophy. Whatever Lord Henry feeds to Dorian, he believes. For instance, Dorian and Lord Henry are in Basils garden and Lord Henry suggests, Some day, when you are old and wrinkled and ugly, when thought has seared your forehead with its lines, and passion branded your lips with its hideous fires, you will feel it terribly. Now, wherever you go, you charm the world.. (Wilde 22). He basically says that Dorians life will be worthless once his youth is gone. His live will become stagnant and wont have any meaning that once Dorian is old and no longer beautiful. By Lord Henry planting this in Dorians head, it shapes the way he lives for the rest of his life. When Dorian comes to the realization that he will not be young, beautiful, and charming forever, it is hard for him to swallow. The thought of not having his good looks to rely on causes him uneasiness. As he ponders growing old, a sharp pang of pain struck through him like a knife and made each delicate fibre of his nature quiver which exemplifies him not being able to handle the fact that his beauty will run out (Wilde 25).. By Lord Henry convincing him that his beauty is all he has to offer in the world, his life then begins to spiral out if control. In addition, Dorian gains feelings for an actress named Sibyl Vane and when he invites Lord Henry to her show, Lord Henry says to Dorian that she isnt that good of an actress. Dorian becomes upset and treats Sibyl poorly and she eventually commits suicide. Once again Dorian is manipulated by Lord Henry. Furthermore, around the town it is rumored that Dorian is corrupting younger boys and one of them even commits suicide as well. As Do rian continues down his path of destruction, he ends up murdering the only person who generally cared for him, which was Basil. Basil had his best intentions for Dorian unlike Lord Henry. Lord Henry ruined Dorian and altered his mind into doing evil things. Conclusively, Lord Henry is at fault for Dorian being immoral. He originally exposed Dorian to his sin filled philosophy. He knew Dorian seeked leadership and he took advantage of that. Instead of giving him positive reinforcement and good advice such like Basil. Which is why he is responsible for Dorians negative acts. Had the two ever met, Dorian would have never murdered Basil. At the end of the day, the blame should not be placed on anyone other than Lord Henry. References: Wilde, Oscar. The Picture of Dorian Gray, by Oscar Wilde. Ye Olde Paris Booke-Shoppe, 1913.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Ethics and Archer Daniels Midland - 646 Words

4. Consider the bill that Representative Engle and Senator Harkin attempted to enact into a law, but which never became a law because of the lobbying efforts of the chocolate companies. What does this incident show about the view that â€Å"to be ethical it is enough for business people to follow the law â€Å"? Human trafficking and child abuse are major problems along the west coast of Africa. Cocoa plantations are so notorious for the use of forced child labor (and forced adult labor) that U.S. Representative Eliot Engel and Senator Tom Harkin created a protocol to end child slavery and initiate labeling for products that are produced â€Å"slave free.† A joint committee was formed and called the International Cocoa Initiative, with the aim to have a†¦show more content†¦What do we mean? Look at the words independent of the definition, and consider how each person creates his or her own ethical boundaries. Besides, moral principles were clearly differing from person to person; wars are predicated on these notions. For the philosophy it is a belief system or theory. Right and wrong about anyone with an opinion can attest to the disparities between two or more people in this arena. In term of motives, one person might differ from circumstance to circumstance. The Consequences are often based on a fear of negative ramifications established through ones religious or philosophical beliefs and/or the norms, mores and rules of one’s community. So, from where we stand, it’s a very persona definition about the knowledge of which helps define the choices we make, the goals we achieve and the path our lives take. The shapes of our view of ethics are from everything. Our experiences (or lack of), peers, religious beliefs, edicts from a power we deem higher than ourselves. For example, international law or a Supreme Consciousness which people to whom we are exposed, for better or worse, and our decision to seek out models of ethical behaviour are all examples of how we shape our ethical portfolios. In conclusion, Ethics is a specialized study of moral right and wrong. It concentrates on moral standards asShow MoreRelatedInternal Auditing : Corporate Fraud, Greed For Power, Money, And Influence1165 Words   |  5 PagesThe purpose of this research is to provide a summary outline on internal auditing by uncovering motives behind corporate fraud, executives greed for power, money and influence. These issues will include a transitory story of the Archer Daniels Midland Company (ADM) scandal which results in fraudulent corporate practices using the fixed pricing scheme. If internal auditing practices were implemented at ADM may have saved investors and customers millions of dollars. 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In 1879, Rodolphe Lindt of Switzerland, produced chocolate that melted on the tongue by inventing â€Å"conchingRead MoreBusiness Ethics and Global Economy10535 Words   |  43 Pages6433ch10.qxd_lb 10/19/06 10:43 AM Page 260 CHAPTER OBJECTIVES ââ€"† CHAPTER 10 Business Ethics in a Global Economy CHAPTER OUTLINE Ethical Perceptions and International Business Culture as a Factor in Business Adapting Ethical Systems to a Global Framework Global Values The Multinational Corporation Sexual and Racial Discrimination Human Rights Price Discrimination Bribery Harmful Products Pollution and the Natural Environment Telecommunications Issues Intellectual-Property Protection WorldRead MoreTech. Entrepreneur Essay8417 Words   |  34 Pagespeople who looked like they might be productive in developing new types of adhesives. In the course of that Polymers for Adhesives research program, which went on for four years, Silver found out about a new family of monomers developed by Archer-Daniels Midland, Inc., which he thought contained potential as ingredients for polymer-based adhesives. He received a number of samples from ADM and began to work with them. This was an open-ended research effort, and Silvers acquisition of the new monomersRead MoreBohlander/Snell-Managing Hr24425 Words   |  98 PagesReso urces, 14e, Bohlander/Snell -  © 2007 Thomson South-Western CHAPTER 15 International Human Resources Management 645 Figure 15.3 Cultural Environment of International Business EDUCATION/ HUMAN CAPITAL †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ VALUES/IDEOLOGIES †¢ Work ethic †¢ Time orientation †¢ Individualism/ collectivism †¢ Risk propensity †¢ Achievement Primary/secondary Vocational Professional Literacy †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ †¢ SOCIAL STRUCTURE Kinship/family Mobility Nationalism Urbanization Social stratification Paternalism/

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Betty Boop Essay Example For Students

Betty Boop Essay The best case study in animation to illustrate the powerful influence society has over the types of films that are produced is the story of Betty Boop. She was a major cartoon character before the Production Code of 1934 was put into place, and her dramatic and fatal transformation illustrates how a product created under one set of standards often withers when placed in a new set. At the same time, the Code alone cannot explain why this dizzy little flapper degenerated so quickly. Betty Boop exists today solely as a merchandising item. Bettys face and figure can be found on T-shirts, posters, and all sorts of things. Her current popularity in merchandise is somewhat puzzling, as the Fleischers released all of her short cartoons before 1940, save for a halfhearted TV special in the early 1980s and a brief cameo in Who Framed Roger Rabbit. While colorized versions of her cartoons exist, they were never given the same degree of exposure as the colorized versions of Max Fleischers Popeye cartoons. Seen today, it is easy to see why these cartoons were often revived in the trippy 1960s. While not psychedelic by any means, they are off beat with other animation. Seeing them for the first time, one can hardly believe ones eyes. These are cartoons that are definitely not from the Disney mode nor are they strictly of the Looney Tunes variety. They are odd. And Betty was their princess. Betty Boops cartoons were all directed by Max Fleischers brother Dave, and Dave Fleischer created a world of dark surrealism. The fluid natures of these cartoons make them difficult to describe in a coherent fashion. Dave Fleischer almost certainly did not use story boards or even a script in some of these films and Boops adventures were free form as a result. Ad-libbing by the voice actors including Mae Questel, who provided Bettys voice in many films was the norm, resulting in a very spontaneous-sounding soundtrack. The animation was at times amazingly precise, and at other times very crude. Bettys unique design was the work of Grim Natwick, one of the few animators at Fleischer who had an art school education yet many other Fleischer cartoons are obviously denizens of the Terrytoons/Felix the Cat/Early Mickey Mouse school. These cartoons have stories that amble about in an almost dreamlike way; Snow White possesses a hallucinogenic series of vignettes each even less connected to the original fairytale. The transformation of Koko the Clown into the Ghost of Cab Calloway seems to predict the animation of the Genie in Aladdin decades later. Todays animation fans would appreciate introducing themselves with the work of Fleischers studio. Betty Boop possessed long shapely legs and large round eyes, qualities that may indicate her to be the spiritual grandmother of ladies such as Lum, who populate the anime films of the 1980s and 1990s. Perhaps a more important similarity is the targeting of adults as Bettys audience. The Betty Boop cartoons may have entertained children, but the bulk of the humor was geared to adults and probably aimed squarely at adult males. As revealed in the documentary Boop-Oop-A-Doop, Bettys animators not only found excuses to back light her or disrobe her but also added subliminal details. Outright nudity never occurred in the Fleischer world, but implied nudity did. Yet simultaneously, the cartoon characters who lustily pursued Betty were invariably depicted as freakish malformed, goggly-eyed dirty old men. Thus, Fleischers world not only satisfied the audiences desire for voyeurism, but it also chastised those who engaged in it as perverts. Raising charges of sexism against the Fleischer studio is thus difficult. For the most part Boop was a tease, although Hollywoods habit of erratic self-censorship should not suggest that all innuendos were purely teases. As Smooden pointed out in Animating Culture, the finale of Betty Boop and the Little King leaves the audience with the distinct impression that Boop has become the Little Kings mistress. .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182 , .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182 .postImageUrl , .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182 , .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182:hover , .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182:visited , .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182:active { border:0!important; } .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182:active , .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182 .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u5b00cd560e1f3d073b4a0ac5ba793182:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: The film 'Bram Stoker's Dracula' EssayBettys hula dance in Popeye the Sailor suggests an exotic dancer of a different stripe, as the Boop is clearly topless. It should be stressed, however, that physical attraction was not the selling point of every Boop cartoon. There were plenty of silly entries in which sewing machines sewed up rivers, or the moon put the earth up for auction, or other similarly goofy events occurred. Despite the instances recorded in the previous paragraph, one should not leave with the impression that the Boop cartoons were animated peepshows. Rather, one should realize that in Boops world, these things were a dark reflection of our society.

Sunday, April 12, 2020

Ad Campaign free essay sample

With reference to Duane Stanford’s article on Mountain Dew: Mountain Dew Wants Some Street Cred, we are going to examine whether Pepsi cola’s advertising campaigns are directed at the right market segment, whether the company differentiates the product from the competition and whether the company communicates’ effectively the product benefits. We are also going to propose a suitable campaign which will enable the product to have a more universal appeal as well as come up with suitable communication channels which the company should use during its campaigns. Are Mountain Dew’s Advertising Campaigns directed at the Right Market Segment? No, Mountain Dew’s advertising campaigns are not directed to the right target market. The companies target market is whites from the ages of 18 to 24 yet it uses HIP-HOP as well as HIP-HOP artists such as Lil-Wayne to disseminate marketing information. We will write a custom essay sample on Ad Campaign or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page It would be relevant to use rock stars in its marketing campaigns to disseminate marketing information. Does the Company Differentiate the Product from the Competition? Yes, the company differentiates its products from those of competitors. The company also uses branding as a way of differentiating their products from products produced by competitors such as Coca-Cola. Over the years, the company has also used slogans such as â€Å"Yahoo! as well as â€Å"This Is How We Dew† as a way of differentiating their products. The company also packages its products in green bottles with the words ‘Mountain Dew ‘clearly highlighted. The aim of this is to ensure that the products are easily noticeable in supermarkets and that they may appear different from those of their competitors (Stanford,  2012). The company also produces a non-cola soft drink that is opular to whites while companies such as coca cola do not have such target strategies. The company also produces a sugary, caffeine-laced drink’s so as to appeal to young blacks as well as Latinos. Such marketing strategies are not present with other soft drink producers. Does the Company Communicate the Product Benefits Effectively? Yes, the company communicates the product benefits effectively in its marketing campaigns. The company emphasizes of quenching thirst as one of the major product benefits consumers can get from consuming the product. The company also emphasizes that the product contains 37 mgs of caffeine which can boos ones’ energy. Other product benefits included in the product that is communicated include communicating that its products contains sodium, potassium, carbohydrate, dietary fiber as well as proteins. This type of communication is effective because the products are commonly used by people engaging in sports that end up getting thirsty as well as losing their energy, thus Mountain Dew offers the best solution for full body restoration (Roger amp; Donald, 2005). Proposed Redesigns of the Campaign That Will Ensure the Products Have a More Universal Appeal In order for the company to gain attention from an international audience, the company should use HIP-HOP artists to target the Black community in international markets such as Africa as well as use multicultural advertising where the company uses people from all walks of life’s; Asians, Arabs, Africans as well as Europeans in their marketing campaigns such as in TV adverts. The aim of this is to get the attention of such people as well as shift the perception that Mountain Dew is meant and produced to target the white market. The company should also focus on the production of the sugary, caffeine-laced drink’s that will appeal with young blacks as well as Latinos. Other international marketing strategies could include producing a product that caters for major international cultures such as Europeans, Asians as well as Arabs. The Communication Channels Which the Company Should Focus On The best communication channel that should be used by the company should be television, radio as well as social media. The reason as to why the company should use television as a marketing channel is because this type of advertising reaches huge number of people especially during television peak hours (the evenings). The reason as to why they should also advertise using radio is because this mode of advertising is very cheap as compared to other forms of advertising such as bill boards. And lastly the reason as to why they should advertise using social media sites such as Facebook, as well as Twitter is because this modes of advertising are cheap, advertising information can easily be accessible to consumers around the world using their laptops or mobile phones, the company can also interact with consumers and get valuable feedback concerning their products, such information can be used for purposes of decision making.

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Dehumanization essays

Dehumanization essays Dehumanization of Slaves And What It Is To Be Human By stripping slaves of their human qualities, slave owners dehumanized their slaves. Being a human means to have emotions and to have control on how you feel and what you feel about it. The ability to make decisions on our own is also an important trait humans have. Frederick Douglass was a slave in the 1800s and achieved freedom to which he is able to explain what slaves went through and how they were treated. Slaves were forced to work for white men on plantations, and were given little or no food, clothes, and/or shelter to live in. These slaves also never had the chance to learn to read, write, or anything to that degree. Inside, humans possess the power to feel or to have emotions. Certain things in life strike emotions and cause sadness, anger, or any other feelings a human may have. Another quality humans possess is to sense the feelings in others. In this book, The Narrative of The Life of Frederick Douglass, Frederick witnesses his aunt being strung up half naked by her hands and whipped senseless by her master. The only feeling is fear that this woman may have. Animals are psychologically trained by being punished for doing something wrong in much the same way the slaves were trained. This kind of treatment made slaves emotionless about life in general. ....the early separation of us from our mother had well nigh blotted the fact of our relationship from our memories( Douglass, 5). This quote shows the emotions that Frederick had for his own flesh and blood and how it didnt mean very much to him when his mother passed away. While slaves didnt have the chance to have human feeleings, anything they did was for someone else. Slave owners controled the entire lives of slaves woring on plantaions. The clothing, food, and any other possesions slaves ahd were given to them by their owners. The ow...

Sunday, February 23, 2020

Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words - 399

Assignment Example Eventually, I realized that I could competently rehearse the notations from the book to the physical environment by playing the right keys of the piano. It is apparent that playing the piano as a music instrument requires the devotion and intelligence of every participant. During the â€Å"Light Bulb† experience, one would acknowledge the essence of enforcing intellectual variations to acquaint slow learners, mid-range individuals, and the competent group with varied tasks that would ease the process of learning. The class session would evoke competence among the majority group of students if the instructor would appreciate the contribution of every student. Further, the evaluation of one’s cultural and lingual background would empower instructors with the ideal approaches in training different groups of students to emulate the ideal notations to the physical environment. The course presented different aspects of acquiring music through the workshop training sessions that were informative on different musical orientations. The unprecedented variations in playing Asian, African, and American among other social systems’ musical notations among through the piano provoked an understanding of the psychological events that revolve around a person’s mind in playing and depicting competence choreography classes of music. However, instructors should critical in predicting the extent at which a student would learn the different notations fast over another, as such would contribute to professionalism and competence in the

Friday, February 7, 2020

Pharmacokinetics of Sotalol and Propranolol Assignment

Pharmacokinetics of Sotalol and Propranolol - Assignment Example It is evidently clear from the discussion that Sotalol is an important anti-arrhythmic, class II/III drug. It is an oral drug with equal amounts of two enantiomers: D- and L--sotalol. Both enantiomers have the potency to act as non-selective blockers. The L – enantiomer gives greater benefits by acting as beta- blockade for a long-term period. L- Sotalol has 38% protein binding capacity and D-sotalol has 35% protein binding capacity. D-sotalol has no beta-blocking activity. The action potential of sotalol is due to the L-isomer and it also acts as alpha- blocker, while D-sotalol acts as anti-arrhythmic. D-sotalol has 30 to 60 times lower affinity than L-sotalol. On the other hand, in the case of Propranolol, there are two isomers: D and L – propranolol. D-propranolol binds to the proteins more extensively than L- propranolol. The L–isomer of propranolol is the biologically active form of the drug. It is nearly absorbed orally and metabolized in the liver on its f irst passage. D-propranolol is inactive in beta-adrenoreceptor blocking activity. So, it was observed that isomerism leads to many therapeutic and adverse drug reactions. D and L–propranolol have membrane stabilizing the property and this racemic mixture reduces the heart rate and the force of contraction in treated animals. The pharmacokinetic parameters of sotalol were studied in dogs and rats. Dogs had a higher volume of distribution and the elimination of the drug was through renal excretion. In rats, the high concentration of sotalol was observed in various tissues. The half-life of the drug was longer than other beta-adrenergic blockers in dogs. The beta blockade was observed without any change in the blood pressure in dogs.

Wednesday, January 29, 2020

High school versus college Essay Example for Free

High school versus college Essay Going to College after so many years made me realize how different high school is from College. In fact, many students that attend College straight after high school quit after their first semester of College due to the changes and difficulties encountered. There are various reasons why College differs from high school. However, knowing the expectations and the culture of College in comparison to high school would help in a more successful transition. College differs from high school in many ways. However, students should begin their transition to College by first looking at not only what to expect from College; but also what College will expect from them. As a college education is very important step to reach personal aspirations in the workplace and life. First of all, College offers an opportunity to learn independently. Unlike high school, College students can function with little guidance from their professors. As a result, College students have to develop many self management skills such as getting to school on time, turning projects by deadlines, being able to use electronic materials for the syllabus, class outlines, online classes or assignments. Secondly, College has a faster pace than high school. Each college course is twice faster than high school courses. In addition, College course usually requires more reading, more homework, and more projects. The workload is totally higher and faster and requires more time to study. The College books have more words per page, thus more chapters than the high school books. The language used in the textbooks is more difficult and requires more time to study. Unlike high school which has specific school hours 5 days a week excluding weekends; College on the other hands offer more out of class time. Students can choose to go to school any time based on their chosen schedule whether is day, night or weekends. As a result of this freedom, College students have to learn to manage their time effectively. In addition, all high schools students must take the same basic classes in order to graduate such as English, Mathematics, Sciences, Physical education, world history, economics, foreign languages and other elective. College students on the other hand can take any classes based on their academic major. Most college freshmen start with beginning classes such as English, writing, speech, and Mathematics then they can choose any other required course based on their academic field of study. College students also have higher level of thinking than high school students. They are able to do research on a topic and ideas as well as analyzing others ideas and interpreting and evaluating data from any given source. High school students on the other hands can only summarize and take ideas from others. Some of College student’s classes unlike high school class require research papers, presentation, and discussion in front of the whole class and sometimes peer evaluation. Although College culture differs widely from high school culture, students can also succeed with improved effort and practice. Whether students attend College straight from high school or its equivalents; or attending College after many years of working, going to college offers an opportunity to grow and to achieve goals. No matter what the background or motivation, being a College student will provide an opportunity to improve life and reach personal aspirations.

Tuesday, January 21, 2020

The History of Computing :: Essays Papers

The History of Computing In 1842 Babbage’s Difference Engine and the Analytical Engine Convinced his machine would benefit England, Babbage applied for and received one of the first government grants to build the difference engine. Hampered by nineteenth century machine technology, cost over runs, and the possibility his chief engineer was padding the bills, Babbage completed only a portion of the difference Engine before the government with drew its support in 1842, deeming the project â€Å"worthless to science†. Meanwhile Babbage had conceived of the idea of a more advanced â€Å"analytical engine†. In essence, this was a general-purpose computer that could add, subtract, multiply, and divide in automatic sequence at a rate of 60 additions per second. His 1833 design, which called for thousands of gears and drives, would cover the area of a football field and be powered by a locomotive engine. Babbage worked on this project until his death. In 1991 London’s Science Museum spen t $600,000 to build a working model of the difference engine, using Babbage’s original plans. The result stands 6 feet high, 10 feet long, contains 4000 parts, and weighs 3 tons. The Honeywell 400 and the second Generation of Computers. The invention of the transistor signaled the start of the second generation of computers (1959-1964). Transistorized computers were more powerful, more reliable, less expensive, and cooler to operate that their vacuum-tubed predecessors. Honeywell established itself as a major player in the second generation of computers. Burroughs, Univac, NCR, CDC, and Honeywell IBM’s biggest competitors during the 1960s and early 1970s became as the BUNCH. The IBM system 360 and the third generation of computers. The third generation was characterized by computers built around integrated circuits. Of these, some historians consider IBM’s system 30 line of computers, introduced in 1963, the single most important innovation in the history of computers. System 360 was conceived as a family of computers with upwards compatibility; when a company outgrew one model it could move up to the next model without worrying about converting its data. System 360 and the other lines built around intergraded circuits made all previous computers obsolete, but the advantages were so grate that most users wrote the costs of conversion off as the price of progress. In the early 1960’s, Dr thoms Kurtz and Dr. John Kemeny of Darmouth College began develoing a programming language that a beginner could learn and use quickly. Their work culminated in 1964 with BASIC.

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Forward the Foundation Chapter 21

25 Hari Seldon knocked gently with an old-fashioned code and Yugo Amaryl looked up. â€Å"Hari, how nice of you to drop around.† â€Å"I should do it more often. In the old days we were together all the time. Now there are hundreds of people to worry about-here, there, and everywhere-and they get between us. Have you heard the news?† â€Å"What news?† â€Å"The junta is going to set up a poll tax-a nice substantial one. It will be announced on TrantorVision tomorrow. It will be just Trantor for now and the Outer Worlds will have to wait. That's a little disappointing. I had hoped it would be Empire-wide all at once, but apparently I didn't give the General enough credit for caution.† Amaryl said, â€Å"Trantor will be enough. The Outer Worlds will know that their turn will follow in not too long a time.† â€Å"Now we'll have to see what happens.† â€Å"What will happen is that the shouting will start the instant the announcement is out and the riots will begin, even before the new tax goes into effect.† â€Å"Are you sure of it?† Amaryl put his Prime Radiant into action at once and expanded the appropriate section. â€Å"See for yourself, Hari. I don't see how that can be misinterpreted and that's the prediction under the particular circumstances that now exist. If it doesn't happen, it means that everything we've worked out in psychohistory is wrong and I refuse to believe that.† â€Å"I'll try to have courage,† said Seldon, smiling. Then â€Å"How do you feel lately, Yugo?† â€Å"Well enough. Reasonably well. And how are you, by the way? I've heard rumors that you're thinking of resigning. Even Dors said something about that.† â€Å"Pay no attention to Dors. These days she's saying all sorts of things. She has a bug in her head about some sort of danger permeating the Project.† â€Å"What kind of danger?† â€Å"It's better not to ask. She's just gone off on one of her tangents and, as always, that makes her uncontrollable.† Amaryl said, â€Å"See the advantage I have in being single?† Then, in a lower voice, â€Å"If you do resign, Hari, what are your plans for the future?† Seldon said, â€Å"You'll take over. What other plans can I possibly have?† And Amaryl smiled. 26 In the small conference room in the main building, Tamwile Elar listened to Dors Venabili with a gathering look of confusion and anger on his face. Finally he burst out, â€Å"Impossible!† He rubbed his chin, then went on cautiously, â€Å"I don't mean to offend you, Dr. Venabili, but your suggestions are ridic-cannot be right. There's no way in which anyone can think that there are, in this Psychohistory Project, any feelings so deadly as to justify your suspicions. I would certainly know if there were and I assure you there are not. Don't think it.† â€Å"I do think it,† said Dors stubbornly, â€Å"and I can find evidence for it.† Elar said, â€Å"I don't know how to say this without offense, Dr. Venabili, but if a person is ingenious enough and intent enough on proving something, he or she can find all the evidence he or she wants-or, at least, something he or she believes is evidence.† â€Å"Do you think I'm paranoid?† â€Å"I think that in your concern for the Maestro-something in which I'm with you all the way-you're, shall we say, overheated.† Dors paused and considered Elar's statement. â€Å"At least you're right that a person with sufficient ingenuity can find evidence anywhere. I can build a case against you, for instance.† Elar's eyes widened as he stared at her in total astonishment. â€Å"Against me? I would like to hear what case you can possibly have against me.† â€Å"Very well. You shall. The birthday party was your idea, wasn't it?† Elar said, â€Å"I thought of it, yes, but I'm sure others did, too. With the Maestro moaning about his advancing years, it seemed a natural way of cheering him up.† â€Å"I'm sure others may have thought of it, but it was you who actually pressed the issue and got my daughter-in-law fired up about it. She took over the details and you persuaded her that it was possible to put together a really large celebration. Isn't that so?† â€Å"I don't know if I had any influence on her, but even if I did, what's wrong with that?† â€Å"In itself, nothing, but in setting up so large and widespread and prolonged a celebration, were we not advertising to the rather unstable and suspicious men of the junta that Hari was too popular and might be a danger to them?† â€Å"No one could possibly believe such a thing was in my mind.† Dors said, â€Å"I am merely pointing out the possibility. In planning the birthday celebration, you insisted that the central offices be cleared out-â€Å" â€Å"Temporarily. For obvious reasons.† â€Å"-and insisted that they remain totally unoccupied for a while. No work was done-except by Yugo Amaryl-during that time.† â€Å"I didn't think it would hurt if the Maestro had some rest in advance of the party. Surely you can't complain about that.† â€Å"But it meant that you could consult with other people in the empty offices and do so in total privacy. The offices are, of course, well shielded.† â€Å"I did consult there-with your daughter-in-law, with caterers, suppliers, and other tradesmen. It was absolutely necessary, wouldn't you say?† â€Å"And if one of those you consulted with was a member of the junta?† Elar looked as though Dors had hit him. â€Å"I resent that, Dr. Venabili. What do you take me for?† Dors did not answer directly. She said, â€Å"You went on to talk to Dr. Seldon about his forthcoming meeting with the General and urged him-rather pressingly-to let you take his place and run the risks that might follow. The result was, of course, that Dr. Seldon insisted rather vehemently on seeing the General himself, which one can argue was precisely what you wanted him to do.† Elar emitted a short nervous laugh. â€Å"With all due respect, this does sound like paranoia, Doctor.† Dors pressed on. â€Å"And then, after the party, it was you, wasn't it, who was the first to suggest that a group of us go to the Dome's Edge Hotel?† â€Å"Yes and I remember you saying it was a good idea.† â€Å"Might it not have been suggested in order to make the junta uneasy, as yet another example of Hari's popularity? And might it not have been arranged to tempt me into invading the Palace grounds?† â€Å"Could I have stopped you?† said Elar, his incredulity giving way to anger. â€Å"You had made up your own mind about that.† Dors paid no attention. â€Å"And, of course, you hoped that by entering the Palace grounds I might make sufficient trouble to turn the junta even further against Hari.† â€Å"But why, Dr. Venabili? Why would I be doing this?† â€Å"One might say it was to get rid of Dr. Seldon and to succeed him as director of the Project.† â€Å"How can you possibly think this of me? I can't believe you are serious. You're just doing what you said you would at the start of this exercise just showing me what can be done by an ingenious mind intent on finding so-called evidence.† â€Å"Let's turn to something else. I said that you were in a position to use the empty rooms for private conversations and that you may have been there with a member of the junta.† â€Å"That is not even worth a denial.† â€Å"But you were overheard. A little girl wandered into the room, curled up in a chair out of sight, and overheard your conversation.† Elar frowned. â€Å"What did she hear?† â€Å"She reported that two men were talking about death. She was only a child and could not repeat anything in detail, but two words did impress her and they were ‘lemonade death.' â€Å" â€Å"Now you seem to be changing from fantasy to-if you'll excuse me -madness. What can ‘lemonade death' mean and what would it have to do with me?† â€Å"My first thought was to take it literally. The girl in question is very fond of lemonade and there was a good deal of it at the party, but no one had poisoned it.† â€Å"Thanks for granting sanity that much.† â€Å"Then I realized the girl had heard something else, which her imperfect command of the language and her love of the beverage had perverted into ‘lemonade.'† â€Å"And have you invented a distortion?† Elar snorted. â€Å"It did seem to me for a while that what she might have heard was laymen-aided death.'† â€Å"What does that mean?† â€Å"An assassination carried through by laymen-by nonmathematicians.† Dors stopped and frowned. Her hand clutched her chest. Elar said with sudden concern, â€Å"Is something wrong, Dr. Venabili?† â€Å"No,† said Dors, seeming to shake herself. For a few moments she said nothing further and Elar cleared his throat. There was no sign of amusement on his face any longer, as he said, â€Å"Your comments, Dr. Venabili, are growing steadily more ridiculous and-well, I don't care if I do offend you, but I have grown tired of them. Shall we put an end to this?† â€Å"We are almost at an end, Dr. Elar. Layman-aided may indeed be ridiculous, as you say. I had decided that in my own mind, too. You are, in part, responsible for the development of the Electro-Clarifier, aren't you?† Elar seemed to stand straighter as he said with a touch of pride, â€Å"Entirely responsible.† â€Å"Surely not entirely. I understand it was designed by Cinda Monay.† â€Å"A designer. She followed my instructions.† â€Å"A layman. The Electro-Clarifier is a layman-aided device.† With suppressed violence Elar said, â€Å"I don't think I want to hear that phrase again. Once more, shall we put an end to this?† Dors forged on, as if she hadn't heard his request. â€Å"Though you give her no credit now, you gave Cinda credit to her face-to keep her working eagerly, I suppose. She said you gave her credit and she was very grateful because of it. She said you even called the device by her name and yours, though that's not the official name.† â€Å"Of course not. It's the Electro-Clarifier.† â€Å"And she said she was designing improvements, intensifiers, and so on-and that you had the prototype of an advanced version of the new device for testing.† â€Å"What has all this to do with anything?† â€Å"Since Dr. Seldon and Dr. Amaryl have been working with the Electro-Clarifier, both have in some ways deteriorated. Yugo, who works with it more, has also suffered more.† â€Å"The Electro-Clarifier can, in no way, do that kind of damage.† Dors put her hand to her forehead and momentarily winced. She said, â€Å"And now you have a more intense Electro-Clarifier that might do more damage, that might kill quickly, rather than slowly.† â€Å"Absolute nonsense.† â€Å"Now consider the name of the device, a name which, according to the woman who designed it, you are the only one to use. I presume you called it the Elar-Monay Clarifier.† â€Å"I don't ever recall using that phrase,† said Elar uneasily. â€Å"Surely you did. And the new intensified Elar-Monay Clarifies could he used to kill with no blame to be attached to anyone just a sad accident through a new and untried device. It would be the ‘Elar-Monay death' and a little girl heard it as `lemonade death.' â€Å" Dors's hand groped at her side. Elar said softly, â€Å"You are not well, Dr. Venabili.† â€Å"I am perfectly well. Am I not correct?† â€Å"Look, it doesn't matter what you can twist into lemonade. Who knows what the little girl may have heard? It all boils down to the deadliness of the Electro-Clarifier. Bring me into court or before a scientific investigating board and let experts-as many as you like-check the effect of the Electro-Clarifier, even the new intensified one, on human beings. They will find it has no measurable effect.† â€Å"I don't believe that,† muttered Venabili. Her hands were now at her forehead and her eyes were closed. She swayed slightly. Elar said, â€Å"It is clear that you are not well, Dr. Venabili. Perhaps that means it is my turn to talk. May I?† Dors's eyes opened and she simply stared. â€Å"I'll take your silence for consent, Doctor. Of what use would it be for me to try to to get rid of Dr. Seldon and Dr. Amaryl in order to take my place as director? You would prevent any attempt I made at assassination, as you now think you are doing. In the unlikely case that I succeeded in such a project and was rid of the two great men, you would tear me to pieces afterward. You're a very unusual woman-strong and fast beyond belief-and while you are alive, the Maestro is safe.† â€Å"Yes,† said Dors, glowering. â€Å"I told this to the men of the junta. Why should they not consult me on matters involving the Project? They are very interested in psychohistory, as well they ought to be. It was difficult for them to believe what I told them about you-until you made your foray into the Palace grounds. That convinced them, you can be sure, and they agreed with my plan.† â€Å"Aha. Now we come to it,† Dors said weakly. â€Å"I told you the Electro-Clarifier cannot harm human beings. It cannot. Amaryl and your precious Hari are just getting old, though you refuse to accept it. So what? They are fine-perfectly human. The electromagnetic field has no effect of any importance on organic materials. Of course, it may have adverse effects on sensitive electromagnetic machinery and, if we could imagine a human being built of metal and electronics, it might have an effect on it. Legends tell us of such artificial human beings. The Mycogenians have based their religion on them and they call such beings â€Å"robots.† If there were such a thing as a robot, one would imagine it would be stronger and faster by far than an ordinary human being, that it would have properties, in fact, resembling those you have, Dr. Venabili. And such a robot could, indeed, be stopped, hurt, even destroyed by an intense Electro-Clarifier, such as the one that I have here, one that has been operating at low energy since we began our conversation. That is why you are feeling ill, Dr. Venabili-and for the first time in your existence, I'm sure.† Dors said nothing, merely stared at the man. Slowly she sank into a chair. Elar smiled and went on, â€Å"Of course, with you taken care of, there will be no problem with the Maestro and with Amaryl. The Maestro, in fact, without you, may fade out at once and resign in grief, while Amaryl is merely a child in his mind. In all likelihood, neither will have to be killed. How does it feel, Dr. Venabili, to be unmasked after all these years? I must admit, you were very good at concealing your true nature. It's almost surprising that no one else discovered the truth before now. But then, I am a brilliant mathematician-an observer, a thinker, a deducer. Even I would not have figured it out were it not for your fanatical devotion to the Maestro and the occasional bursts of superhuman power you seemed to summon at will-when he was threatened. â€Å"Say good-bye, Dr. Venabili. All I have to do now is to turn the device to full power and you will be history.† Dors seemed to collect herself and rose slowly from her seat, mumbling, â€Å"I may be better shielded than you think.† Then, with a grunt, she threw herself at Elar. Elar, his eyes widening, shrieked and reeled back. Then Dors was on him, her hand flashing. Its side struck Elar's neck, smashing the vertebrae and shattering the nerve cord. He fell dead on the floor. Dors straightened with an effort and staggered toward the door. She had to find Hari. He had to know what had happened. 27 Hari Seldon rose from his seat in horror. He had never seen Dors look so, her face twisted, her body canted, staggering as though she were drunk. â€Å"Dors! What happened! What's wrong!† He ran to her and grasped her around the waist, even as her body gave way and collapsed in his arms. He lifted her (she weighed more than am ordinary woman her size would have, but Seldon was unaware of that at ** the moment) and placed her on the couch. â€Å"What happened?† he said. She told him, gasping, her voice breaking now and then, while he cradled her head and tried to force himself to believe what was happening. â€Å"Elar is dead,† she said. â€Å"I finally killed a human being. First time. Makes it worse.† â€Å"How badly are you damaged, Dors?† â€Å"Badly. Elar turned on his device-full-when I rushed him.† â€Å"You can be readjusted.† â€Å"How? There's no one-on Trantor-who knows how. I need Daneel.† Daneel. Demerzel. Somehow, deep inside, Hari had always known. His friend-a robot-had provided him with a protector-a robot-to ensure that psychohistory and the seeds of the Foundations were given a chance to take root. The only problem was, Hari had fallen in love with his protector-a robot. It all made sense now. All the nagging doubts and the questions could be answered. And somehow, it didn't matter one bit. All that mattered was Dors. â€Å"We can't let this happen.† â€Å"It must.† Dors's eyes fluttered open and looked at Seldon. â€Å"Must. Tried to save you, but missed-vital point-who will protect you now?† Seldon couldn't see her clearly. There was something wrong with his eyes. â€Å"Don't worry about me, Dors. It's you-It's you-â€Å" â€Å"No. You, Hari. Tell Manella-Manella-I forgive her now. She did better than I. Explain to Wanda. You and Raych-take care of each other.† â€Å"No no no,† said Seldon, rocking back and forth. â€Å"You can't do this. Hang on, Dors. Please. Please, my love.† Dors's head shook feebly and she smiled even more feebly. â€Å"Goodbye, Hari, my love. Remember always-all you did for me.† â€Å"I did nothing for you.† â€Å"You loved me and your love made me-human.† Her eyes remained open, but Dors had ceased functioning. Yugo Amaryl came storming into Seldon's office. â€Å"Hari, the riots are beginning, sooner and harder even than exp-â€Å" And then he stared at Seldon and Dors and whispered, â€Å"What happened?† Seldon looked up at him in agony. â€Å"Riots! What do I care about riots now? What do I care about anything now?†

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Women in Art Essay - 2187 Words

Women in Art Throughout history many artistic works have been deemed great and many individuals have been labeled masters of the discipline. The question of who creates art and how is it to be classified as great or greater than another has commonly been addressed by scholars and historians. The last quarter of the 20th century has reexamined these questions based on the assertions that no women artists have ever created or been appreciated to the level of greatness that perpetually befalls their male counterparts. The position that society has institutionalized on women as unable to be anything but subordinate and unexpressive is a major contributor to this claim. Giving a brief history of gender discrimination in the art†¦show more content†¦According to the Guerrilla Girls, art museums average 15% women in curated exhibits, and minority women only .003%. On top of that, only 4% of museum acquisitions are of work by women artists (Strawter). The study of why women artists have systematically been erased from history and why currently the exhibition of womens art is not valued as much as the male artists continues. There have been many theories behind the eradication of women artists from history. At the beginning of the Womens Liberation Movement, an art historian by the name of Linda Nochlin published an article called, Why have there been no great women artists? In here article, she addressed her own question offering one of the first consciously feminist challenges to the established canons of art history. Her query proved to be a rallying cry for women artists in the fervent days of the Womens Liberation movement and offered fragments of a manifesto to women artists, and others, intent on reexamining and ultimately restructuring the discipline (Morse, 1992). Nochlin argues that contemporary feminists contend that there is a different greatness between mens art and womens art. 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